Vietnam has made strides in improving women’s economic empowerment; achieving parity in boys’ and girls’ primary school enrolments, more than 30% of women in tertiary education, and almost one third of small to medium enterprises owned by women. Vietnam has progressive laws around maternal rights and the government has ratified The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women.
Despite some progress, cultural and political barriers continue to restrict opportunities available to women. Employers in Vietnam pay women on average VND 3 million per year less than men, promote only half as many women as men, and discriminate against women in recruitment with 70% of job advertisements specifically requesting men.
In Vietnam, banks approve fewer business loans of lesser value for women than for men and the law forces women to retire five years earlier than men. Vietnamese society also places the burden of unpaid housework and childcare on women, pushing them to take informal, low-paid work or sacrifice their careers to spend more time at home.
In collaboration with corporations and business leaders, impact investors and entrepreneurs, governments and advocates in Vietnam, Investing in Women is building the business case and spearheading the campaign for women’s economic equality in South East Asia.
Pressure to work and care under COVID-19: Social norms in the private sector in Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam
This Research Note presents a short summary of the impact of COVID-19 measures on the pressure to work and care amongst private sector employees in Vietnam, the Philippines and Indonesia .
GENDER EQUALITY MATTERS 2020: Social norms, attitudes and practices of urban millennials in Indonesia, Philippines and Vietnam
This report summarises key insights and findings across the three countries, relevant to IW’s work around gender norms and associated behaviours. It draws on regression analysis which tested for correlations between collective and individual attitudes and behaviours; as well as segmentation analysis, to enable an understanding of different groups of men and women in ...
The report, Gender Equality Matters 2020: Social Norms, Attitudes and Practices (SNAP) of urban millennials in Indonesia, Philippines and Vietnam, summarises regression and segmentation analyses across the three countries; compares common data points across SNAP 2018 and SNAP 2020; and identifies some impacts of COVID-19 on millennials’ experience with changes in income earning and housework patterns. This toolkit ...