Myanmar has shown signs of improving women’s economic empowerment; achieving parity in boys’ and girls’ primary school enrolments, more than 18% of women enrolled in tertiary education, more than one quarter of businesses owned by women, and women comprising more than 50% of government administration roles. The 2015 election increased women in Parliament from 5.9% to 14.5%. Myanmar has maternity leave law and has ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
Despite some positive indicators, significant cultural and political barriers continue to restrict opportunities available to women. Employers in Myanmar pay women on average 25 per cent less than men, with inequality rooted in cultural norms that see men’s work as more valuable than women’s.
In collaboration with corporations and business leaders, entrepreneurs and advocates in Myanmar, Investing in Women is building the business case and spearheading the campaign for women’s economic equality in South East Asia.
This issue of EAFQ touches on key economic and social questions that affect gender equality in Southeast Asia and East Asia, delving beneath the aggregates and measurement challenges.
Catalytic Capital for Women’s Economic Empowerment: Report of the External Review of Component 2 of the Investing in Women Initiative
This report summarises the findings and recommendations of the external review of Component 2 (C2) on impact investing of the Investing in Women Initiative (IW) funded by Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).
This updated Investment Design Document for Investing in Women reflects the opportunities and constraints of the evolving operational environments; the policy and budgetary settings of the Australian Government; and the lessons from Phase 1 implementation as identified through an independent Review process.