Indonesia has made significant improvements in women’s economic empowerment; with women making up 50% of all university graduates, 46% of senior management roles, and almost one quarter of small to medium enterprise owners. Indonesia has progressive laws around maternal rights and the government has ratified The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women.
Despite these achievements, cultural and political barriers continue to restrict opportunities available to women. Employers in Indonesia pay women on average 31% less than men and appoint women to only 6% of CEO and board positions.
Indonesian cultural norms also place expectations on university-educated women to be ‘secondary earners’ and ensure career does not interfere with their roles as wives and mothers. Women’s workforce participation is just 51% in Indonesia compared to 85% for men.
In collaboration with corporations and business leaders, impact investors and entrepreneurs, governments and advocates in Indonesia, Investing in Women is building the business case and spearheading the campaign for women’s economic equality in South East Asia.
The Board Gender Diversity in ASEAN study advances the case that having women in business leadership positions is good for company performance,.
Discrimination against women in the workplace is a persistent structural and social issue that can start as early as the hiring process.