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Pressure to work and care under COVID-19: Social norms in the private sector in Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam

Investing in Women

2020

Vietnam The Philippines Indonesia

Research Brief

Social norms Unpaid care work covid-19 impact of covid-19 pressure to work

Pressure to work and care under COVID-19: Social norms in the private sector in Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam

Pressure to work and care under COVID-19: Social norms in the private sector in Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam

This Research Note presents a short summary of the impact of COVID-19 measures on the pressure to work and care amongst private sector employees in Vietnam, the Philippines and Indonesia with specific attention to:

  • The changing location of employment
  • The change in income pressure
  • The primary source of pressure to earn income
  • The change in domestic pressure
  • The primary source of pressure to manage domestic work and care for family

The data source for this Research Note is an employee survey undertaken in May 2020, during the height of the initial lockdown. The full survey investigates the general and gender-specific short-term impact of COVID-19 on private sector employees in terms of work, household dynamics and mental health. This data was collected through an online survey facilitated by YouGov between  13-18 May 2020. The target population is private sector workers from the formal sector who have internet access in Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam.

 

Highlights

  • Workers in the Philippines are most likely to report working from home – around 60% of men and women – followed by Indonesia and then Vietnam.
  • Women in every country are more likely to report working from home than men.
  • The source of income pressure ranked highest by employees across all three countries is ‘myself’, although with substantial differences between countries and gender.
  • Parents are more highly ranked as the primary sources of pressure to earn an income compared
    with partners.
  • More than 60% of men and women in all three countries report they feel more pressure to earn an income than before the COVID-19 crisis.
  • The change in pressure to manage domestic life is highly variable across country and gender.
  • The source of domestic pressure ranked highest by employees across all three countries is
    ‘myself’, with some differences between countries and gender.

 

Contents

  • Context: Work location change because of COVID-19
  • Change in pressure to earn income under COVID-19
  • Main source of income pressure: Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam
  • Change in pressure to manage domestic life under COVID-19
  • Main source of domestic pressure: Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam

 

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