Indonesia has made significant improvements in women’s economic empowerment; with women making up 50% of all university graduates, 46% of senior management roles, and almost one quarter of small to medium enterprise owners. Indonesia has progressive laws around maternal rights and the government has ratified The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women.
Despite these achievements, cultural and political barriers continue to restrict opportunities available to women. Employers in Indonesia pay women on average 31% less than men and appoint women to only 6% of CEO and board positions.
Indonesian cultural norms also place expectations on university-educated women to be ‘secondary earners’ and ensure career does not interfere with their roles as wives and mothers. Women’s workforce participation is just 51% in Indonesia compared to 85% for men.
In collaboration with corporations and business leaders, impact investors and entrepreneurs, governments and advocates in Indonesia, Investing in Women is building the business case and spearheading the campaign for women’s economic equality in South East Asia.
This document provide guidance on what companies can do to shift social norms and challenge stereotypes in the workplace. Measures that have been successfully implemented by private sector companies to influence gender norms are also cited, for reference.
Following the first survey in May 2020, which examined the initial impacts of COVID-19 on employees in Indonesia, the repeat survey in December 2020 sought to understand how the pandemic was affecting employees after almost a year of living with COVID-19.
Based on the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2021, another generation of women will have to wait for gender parity. As the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic continues to be felt, closing the global gender gap has increased by a generation from 99.5 years to 135.6 years. Gender-sensitive recovery strategies will be critical in making ...