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Women, Work and Care (Philippines)

Women, Work and Care (Philippines)

The Women, Work and Care report is a comprehensive summary of the current situation of women in the Philippines, published by the Sydney Southeast Asia Centre at the University of Sydney. The report finds that the Philippines has achieved strong results in many areas of gender equality like education, politics and economic participation, with Filipino women encouraged to excel in school and in the workplace, and many running their own businesses or holding leadership positions in business and politics. This is reflected in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index, which ranked gender equality in the Philippines as the best across East Asia.

Despite these areas of progress, cultural expectations around gender roles and family responsibilities continue to hold back Filipino women from full equality. The report highlights the dual roles that Filipino women play, as both workers in paid employment, and also unpaid care workers in the home taking care of young children and the elderly.

The report considers how women’s equality in the Philippines is impacted by social norms as well as by domestic policies and international agreements around women’s rights. In 2009, the Philippines implemented the Magna Carta for Women that supports anti-discrimination measures, as well as positive initiatives such as workplace childcare, breastfeeding stations and paid maternity leave. The Philippines is also the only Asian country to ratify the 2011 ILO Domestic Workers Convention, which recognises domestic workers as employees and stipulates a minimum wage and social security benefits.

The Women, Work and Care report also illustrates how gender equality in the Philippines intersects with socio-economic inequalities, as women from wealthier segments of society are afforded greater equality than those from lower socio-economic groups.

Contents

  • Women in the family
  • The distribution of unpaid care work
  • Balancing work and care
  • Policy challenges

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