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Published by: University of Sydney (March 2018)

Country / Region: Philippines

Women, Work and Care (Philippines)

15 August 2018

The Women, Work and Care report is a comprehensive summary of the current situation of women in the Philippines, published by the Sydney Southeast Asia Centre at the University of Sydney. The report finds that the Philippines has achieved strong results in many areas of gender equality like education, politics and economic participation, with Filipino women encouraged to excel in school and in the workplace, and many running their own businesses or holding leadership positions in business and politics. This is reflected in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index, which ranked gender equality in the Philippines as the best across East Asia.

Despite these areas of progress, cultural expectations around gender roles and family responsibilities continue to hold back Filipino women from full equality. The report highlights the dual roles that Filipino women play, as both workers in paid employment, and also unpaid care workers in the home taking care of young children and the elderly.

The report considers how women’s equality in the Philippines is impacted by social norms as well as by domestic policies and international agreements around women’s rights. In 2009, the Philippines implemented the Magna Carta for Women that supports anti-discrimination measures, as well as positive initiatives such as workplace childcare, breastfeeding stations and paid maternity leave. The Philippines is also the only Asian country to ratify the 2011 ILO Domestic Workers Convention, which recognises domestic workers as employees and stipulates a minimum wage and social security benefits.

The Women, Work and Care report also illustrates how gender equality in the Philippines intersects with socio-economic inequalities, as women from wealthier segments of society are afforded greater equality than those from lower socio-economic groups.

Contents

  • Women in the family
  • The distribution of unpaid care work
  • Balancing work and care
  • Policy challenges

Examining the Women’s Low Labor Market Participation Rate in the Philippines: Is Housework the Missing Link?

This paper looks into the role of women’s housework and discusses the role of housework on men’s market work in the Philippines.

Expanding paternity leave in South East Asia

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Paternity Leave in Indonesia

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Paternity Leave in the Philippines

This fact sheet discusses the benefits of paternity leave, the state of paternity leave in the Philippines and the policy challenges that are preventing the advancement paternity leave in the country.

Shifting millennial gender norms: Indonesia, Vietnam and the Philippines

Despite persistent gender inequalities in all three countries, Investing in Women’s  survey data reveals that within this demographic there are many positive gender perceptions that can be leveraged to advocate for greater norm shifts: Women and men show similar levels of ambition to reach senior positions.

Counting Women’s Work in the Philippines

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Women in the Philippine C-Suite

This report explains the 4 key interplaying factors – individual, family, corporation culture and societal pressures – that puts a pressure to the rise of women in the corporate ladder.

AdReaction: Getting Gender Right

This report delivers new insights into the role of gender in brand strategy, creative response and media targeting, and includes analysis of consumer responses to tens of thousands of brands, campaigns and ads, as well as a global survey of marketers.

East Asia Forum Quarterly Vol.11 No.1: Investing in Women

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Catalytic Capital for Women’s Economic Empowerment: Report of the External Review of Component 2 of the Investing in Women Initiative

This report summarises the findings and recommendations of the external review of Component 2 (C2) on impact investing of the Investing in Women Initiative (IW) funded by Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).

Investing in Women Phase 2 Investment Design Document Update

This updated Investment Design Document for Investing in Women reflects the opportunities and constraints of the evolving operational environments; the policy and budgetary settings of the Australian Government; and the lessons from Phase 1 implementation as identified through an independent Review process.

The Global Gender Gap Index Report 2018

This report benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, education, health and political criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups.

 

Game changers: Women and the Future of Work in Asia and the Pacific

This report examines the situation of women in Asia and the Pacific and analyses progress and obstacles in terms of gender equality in the world of work.

Women, Work and Care (Indonesia)

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Care work and care jobs for the future of decent work

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Care work and care jobs for the future of decent work: Key findings in Asia and the Pacific

This report takes a comprehensive look at unpaid and paid care work in Asia and the Pacific and its relationship with the changing world of work. A key focus is the persistent gender inequalities in households and the labour market, which are inextricably linked with care work.

The power of parity: Advancing women’s equality in Asia Pacific

This report from the McKinsey Global Institute explores the challenge of gender inequality in Asia Pacific and considers what it will take to deliver gender parity in the region.

Gender Gap in Earnings in Vietnam: Why Do Vietnamese Women Work in Lower Paid Occupations?

This report analyses the gender earnings gap in Vietnam and explores why women choose to work in lower paid occupations.

Entrepreneurship Development Interventions for Women Entrepreneurs

This report presents key findings of interventions promoting small and medium enterprises as a means to create more and better jobs.

APEC Gender Inclusion Guidelines

This report offers guidance on how to integrate gender-responsive approaches into APEC Fora, Strategic and Work Plans, Annual Reports and Projects. It complements the principles outlined in the 1999 Framework for the Integration of Women in APEC.

Filipino women in leadership: Government and industry

This report presents current statistics on representation of women in key leadership positions in the Philippine government and industry. It reveals a dearth of female representation and discusses recommendations to address this.

The Global Gender Gap Report 2017

The report benchmarks 144 countries on their progress towards gender parity and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups.

Women-owned enterprises in Vietnam: Perceptions and potential

This report exposes misconceptions facing women entrepreneurs in Vietnam and elucidates the opportunities for banks and related service providers to meet their needs.

Strengthening Women’s Entrepreneurship in ASEAN

This report analyses the policy landscape, identifies gaps, and proposes recommendations to advance the role of women in the labour market, as entrepreneurs and business owners, presenting best practice examples from both the ASEAN region and the OECD.

World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends for women 2017

This report examines the global and regional labour market trends and gaps, including in labour force participation rates, unemployment rates, employment status as well as sectoral and occupational segregation.

Feminism And Gender Equality Around The World

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Towards a better future for women and work: Voices of women and men

This report provides a first-ever account of global attitudes and perceptions of women and men regarding women and work, based on the 2016 Gallup World Poll.

Work and Economic Participation in the Philippines

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Globalization and Social Change: Gender-Specific Effects of Trade Liberalization in Indonesia

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Towards Gender Equality in Vietnam: Making Inclusive Growth Work for Women

This report examines Vietnam’s economy through a gender lens, analysing the distribution of productive resources across different groups of women and men; gender segmentation in the labour market; and female workers’ working conditions and pay.

Women and Men in the Philippines

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Closing the gender pay gap: A review of the issues, policy mechanisms and international evidence

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Gender Diversity in Boards and Performance of Philippine Publicly Traded Firms: Do Women Matter?

This article examines this board-level gender diversity issue for the case of the firms traded in the Philippine Stock Exchange during the period 2003 to 2014.

Social Determinants of Gender Inequality in Vietnam

This report addresses the question of why progresses has been so slow on gender equality in Vietnam, exploring the challenges and barriers that hinder the efforts in bridging the gap between genders.

Women at Work Trends 2016

This report provides the latest data on women’s position in labour markets, examines the factors behind these trends and explores the policy drivers for transformative change.

The “Gender Pension-Gap” in the Aging Societies of East Asia: A Policy Note from the East Asia and Pacific Umbrella Facility for Gender Equality

This report presents findings from a review of pension policies and their gender dimensions in eight countries of the East Asia region where the aging of the population is already advanced or expected to accelerate in coming years.

Gender in the Midst of Reforms: Attitudes to Work and Family Roles among University Students in Urban Indonesia

This article explores attitudes to work and family roles among senior university students in 2004; the year when people were preparing to elect a President directly for the first time in history, with the incumbent President the first woman in the role.

Gender in the Midst of Reforms: Attitudes to Work and Family Roles among University Students in Urban Indonesia

University-educated Indonesian women are expected to generate additional income for the family as ‘secondary earners’ by choosing a career path that does not interfere with their primary roles as wives and mothers.
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Women in business and management: Gaining momentum in Asia and the Pacific

This report brings together the most recent statistics, trends and information on the situation of women in business and management in order to provide insight into practicalities, realities and understandings of companies in the Asia-Pacific region.

Women in the Workforce: An Unmet Potential in Asia and the Pacific

This report looks into the complex and varied causes behind the gap in economic empowerment between males and females across Asia and the Pacific, then analyses the available evidence for its implications to economic growth.

The motherhood pay gap: A review of the issues, theory and international evidence

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Women in Business and Management: Gaining momentum

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Social Institutions & Gender Index 2014 Synthesis Report

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New Evidence on the Gender Wage Gap in Indonesia

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Gender Equality in the Labor Market in the Philippines

This report documents the nature and extent of gender inequalities in the Filipino labour market. The report also shares promising initiatives that have been developed to counter gender discrimination and promote equality for working men and women.

Gender Division of Household Labor in Vietnam

This study explores the extent of change and regional differences in gender roles in the Vietnamese family based on innovative surveys in northern and southern Vietnam.

Is Gender Diversity Profitable? Evidence from a Global Survey

This report examines the impact of gender diversity on corporate performance. It uses a global dataset of firms to analyse this correlation.

Women’s Economic Empowerment Framework

This report provides a framework for monitoring Investing in Women’s contribution to the goal of accelerating women’s economic empowerment in Southeast Asia and contributing to inclusive economic growth.

Aid flows and women and work in South East Asia

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Stories of women-owned enterprises: Tòhe (Vietnam)

This report showcases Tòhe: a woman-owned social enterprise in Vietnam. The case study tells the story of the business and explores the success and challenges it faces.

International standards on women and work in Myanmar

This report provides an overview of the international standards on women and work, and explores to what extent they have been implemented in Myanmar.

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