Follow us on:
Search the Knowledge Hub

Leading to success: The business case for women in business and management in Indonesia

Investing in Women International Labour Organization



Research Brief

Workplace Gender Equality

Workplace Gender Equality covid-19 gender diversity in management

Leading to success: The business case for women in business and management in Indonesia

Leading to success: The business case for women in business and management in Indonesia

Indonesia is facing several challenges resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. In 2020 the government introduced measures to reduce the risk of transmission including partially locking down of affected areas, restricting travel and banning mass gatherings. These measures have reduced domestic demand, altered work arrangements, and disrupted supply chains, among others. As a result, economic growth has declined, particularly in key sectors including tourism, manufacturing, retail and sales, and services.

In Indonesia, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has been gendered.Women are over-represented in temporary or part-time employment, and therefore are more at risk of losing their jobs compared to men. Women also comprise the majority of employees in the services sector, which has been particularly hit by restrictions to curb the spread of the virus. While this crisis has highlighted the importance of flexible work arrangements and telework, it has also exacerbated women’s double burden in balancing family and work responsibilities.

This country brief demonstrates the business case for gender diversity in management and workplace gender equality in Indonesia considering the COVID-19 context. The brief also showcases ILO’s efforts to provide women workers with critical STEM-related soft and technical skills to improve their employability and career prospects in Indonesia.

This country brief highlights findings relevant to Indonesia from the ILO report Women in Business and Management (WIBM): The Business Case for Change. These findings are complemented with research by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and Investing in Women (IW). The WIBM research examined how gender diversity at decision making levels of business improves organisational performance and increases profitability. As part of this, the ILO conducted a global survey with 12,940 enterprises in 70 countries.



  • Introduction and overview of Indonesia
  • The business case for advancing women in business and management
    • Gender diversity initiatives enhance business outcomes
    • Attracting and retaining skilled staff is challenging
    • Female talent pool is increasing
  • Gender diversity in business and management
    • Women in management
    • Women CEOs
    • Women’s representation and leadership on boards of directors
  • Transforming the wider business environment
    • Shaping a gender inclusive organisational culture
    • Promoting flexible work arrangements
    • Reducing the gender pay gap
    • Implementing effective enterprise policies and measures
  • Conclusion


This document has also been published on the ILO website.

to top