This report summarises the findings and recommendations of the external review of Component 2 (C2) on impact investing of the Investing in Women Initiative (IW) funded by Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).
Published by: University of Sydney (March 2018)
Country / Region: Indonesia
Women, Work and Care (Indonesia)
The Women, Work and Care report is a comprehensive summary of the current situation of women in Indonesia, published by the Sydney Southeast Asia Centre at the University of Sydney. The report finds that Indonesia continues to face significant challenges when it comes to achieving women’s equality, with cultural expectations around gender roles holding women back in the workplace and constraining women’s economic empowerment.
While Indonesian women have always been relatively economically active, social norms continue to demand that women (as wives, mothers and daughters) remain first and foremost committed to caring for their husbands, children and parents. The report details that women business owners still consider their primary role as that of wife and mother rather than business woman, and even where women earn the larger share of household income, they are still considered to be ‘secondary earners.’
The report highlights that women’s family responsibilities of caring for young children and the elderly are necessitated by the absence of state provisions that could otherwise support women to be active in the workforce. While the Indonesian government has a ‘national vision’ on women’s empowerment and has introduced a number of policies to support this, there has been limited success in its implementation and progress remains slow.
The Women, Work and Care report also illustrates how gender equality in Indonesia intersects with socio-economic inequalities, as women from wealthier segments of society are able to employ domestic help and are therefore afforded greater equality than those from lower socio-economic groups.
- Women in the family
- The distribution of unpaid care work
- Balancing work and care
- Policy challenges
Investing in Women Phase 2 Investment Design Document Update
This updated Investment Design Document for Investing in Women reflects the opportunities and constraints of the evolving operational environments; the policy and budgetary settings of the Australian Government; and the lessons from Phase 1 implementation as identified through an independent Review process.
The Global Gender Gap Index Report 2018
This report benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, education, health and political criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups.
Five years of Workplace Gender Equality Agency data
This fact sheet/booklet provides a detailed picture of the state of gender equality in Australia’s workplaces. The report is compiled by the Workplace Gender Equality Agency using 5 years of reporting data.
How the gender pay gap varies across south-east Asia
Indonesia is the only country where satisfaction over career progression is higher among women than men, according to the December 2017 survey of 5,000 urban respondents in ASEAN economies found that.
Vietnam had the largest proportion of respondents who said that women have fewer opportunities than men.
The Landscape for Impact Investing in Southeast Asia
The Landscape for Impact Investing in Southeast Asia report provides a comprehensive analysis of impact investing activity in the region between 2007 and 2017.
The power of parity: Advancing women’s equality in Asia Pacific
Based on a best-in-region scenario, if women could participate fully and equally in the economy, Indoesia could add USD 135 billion a year, and the Philippines USD 40 billion a year to annual GDP by 2025.
Gender Gap in Earnings in Vietnam: Why Do Vietnamese Women Work in Lower Paid Occupations?
Women in Vietnam earn on average VND 3 million less per year than men — or around a month’s income.
The analysis finds that, despite the fact that Vietnamese girls aspire to higher-paid occupations than boys in childhood, women forego higher pay to work in occupations and industries that offer better non-monetary benefits (paid leave, lower weekly hours, health insurance, and social insurance) — a choice that may be driven by an unequal distribution of house- and care- work.
Still looking for room at the top: Ten years of research on women in the workplace
This overview of McKinsey’s research in the last 10 years on women in the workplace presents a strong business case for gender equality.
Work and Economic Participation in the Philippines
Information technology was the most common field of study for all female university students in 2017.
The labour force participation rate for women in the Philippines in 2017 was 46.2% (versus 76.2% for men), while the unemployment rate was 5.2% (versus 6% for men).