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WOMEN IN STEM – A baseline study

WOMEN IN STEM – A baseline study

The Philippine Business Coalition for Women Empowerment (PBCWE)—a partner of Investing in Women—together with Unilab Foundation’s STEM+PH, with the assistance of the UP Center for Women’s Studies Foundation conducted a baseline study to examine the gender dimensions of the STEM economy, identify gaps, and make recommendations to STEM industries towards the direction of policies that might address such gaps. Both partners stand on the common ground of pursuing the advancement of women in STEM-related jobs.

This baseline study validates the findings of previous studies that the STEM industries, particularly the fields of engineering, architecture and related fields as well as the life science fields continue to valorise and practice many male-centred norms and work practices.

 

Highlights

  • While some companies have already institutionalized gender-sensitive work arrangements and provided various opportunities for women to learn new skills and advance in their careers, personal factors like giving birth and child care sometimes prevent them from taking advantage of such opportunities.
  • Those who felt that they were discriminated against or sexually harassed and did not report such incidents are strong indications of the lack of institutionalized support for women in STEM.
  • These negative responses merit further research since they will continuously erode whatever cumulative efforts were spent on gaining gender equality in the workplace.
  • The goal of enhancing the participation of females in male-dominated STEM industries can only succeed with the cooperation of other institutions. The educational system, primarily the high school and college tracks, must actively participate in efforts to encourage females to enter the fields of STEM.
  • It is important to include in all programs and services of STEM companies all the laws and government guidelines for the promotion of gender equality in the country.

 

Contents

  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • INTRODUCTION
  • LITERATURE REVIEW
    • Defining STEM
    • The Rise of the Field of STEM in the United States
    • The Rise of the Field of STEM in the Philippines
    • Women in STEM
    • Laws and Policies on STEM and Gender Equality
    • Explaining the Under-Representation of Women in STEM
  • RESEARCH METHODOLOGY, DATA COLLECTION, AND LIMITATIONS
  • SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
    • Perceptions on Gender Gap and Gender Inequality
    • Career Enabling and Hindering Factors in STEM
    • Respondents’ Recommendations to Promote the Women in STEM Agenda
    • Highlights of the Online Survey Results
  • CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE STEM INDUSTRY
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

This study was originally published by the PBCWE.

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