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Women and Men in the Philippines

Women and Men in the Philippines

The Women and Men in the Philippines report from the Philippine Statistics Authority is the fourth in a series of statistical handbooks and presents the available and relevant gender statistics in the Philippines from 2000 to 2015. The handbook aims to provide timely, relevant and user-friendly information on gender issues that are deemed important to planners, researchers and other users in gender and development advocacy, plans, programs and policies.

It is widely recognised that efforts aimed at advancing the status of women require timely and accurate information on the situation of women and men. In the Philippines, the Philippine Statistical System has institutionalised various mechanisms to provide necessary data support to gender-responsive development. Gender statistics help inform policies and interventions that facilitate results-based and rights-based human development and sustainable social progress. In this context, the latest available statistics highlighting the difference between women and men have been compiled and presented in tables and figures with brief comparative analyses.


  • The Philippine population remains relatively young as shown by the broad base of the pyramids. However, there is an indication of a slowly increasing share of adults (working age population) in the population. The slowly aging trend in the age distribution of the population can be attributed to decreasing fertility rates and increasing life expectancy in the Philippines, which are evident for both sexes.
  • By 2020, the country’s female population is projected to reach 54.5 million taking into consideration several factors including the 2010 censes count of 45.7 million. The male population is expected to rise by 9 million from 46.6 million in 2010 to 55.5 million in 2020.
  • White collar and clerical occupations are occupied mostly by women. These were two women for every man in professional and clerical occupations. On the other hand, plant and machine operators, and special occupation groups were dominated by men. There were six men for every woman in these occupation groups in 2014.
  • Women workers were mostly engaged in self-producing activities of household, education, as well as human health and social work activities in 2014. On the other hand, the majority of workers in the construction, transportation and storage as well as fishing, mining, quarrying and electricity, gas, steam, and air conditioning industries were men.
  • Generally, female-headed households have higher average annual incomes than male-headed households. In 2012, the average annual income of female-headed households I Php 258,336, while for the male-headed households, it is Php 227,644. In terms of the average annual expenditure, female-headed households have higher expenditures. Although women generally showed higher average annual expenditure, their high earnings compensated for their spending allowing them to save more than male-headed households. In 2012, female-headed households saved Php 50,840 of their average annual income while male-headed households only saved Php 39,499 of their annual income.


  • Foreword
  • List of Tables
  • List of Figures
  • Introduction
  • Recent Statistics Developments on Gender and Development in the Philippines
  • Chapter 1: Population and families
  • Chapter 2: Work
  • Chapter 3: Economic Participation
  • Chapter 4: Agriculture
  • Chapter 5: Education
  • Chapter 6: Health and Nutrition
  • Chapter 7: Social Welfare
  • Chapter 8: Public Life
  • Chapter 9: Overseas Filipinos
  • Chapter 10: Peace and Human Rights
  • Chapter 11: Violence Against Women
  • Chapter 12: Environment
  • Chapter 13: Millennium Development Goals / Sustainable Development Goals
  • What Remains to be Done
  • Annexes
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