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Tackling Social Norms | A game changer for gender inequalities

2020

Global

Report/Paper

Influencing Gender Norms

Gender equality Gender gap Gender norms Influencing gender norms

Tackling Social Norms | A game changer for gender inequalities

Tackling Social Norms | A game changer for gender inequalities

This publication is based on research for the 2019 Human Development Report, which highlights how progress towards gender equality confronts moving targets and inequality traps, with progress in basic achievements but under-performing in more empowering enhanced achievements. It also includes the GSNI trends for 31 countries, representing 59 percent of the global population.

The Gender Social Norms Index (GSNI) measures how social beliefs obstruct gender equality in areas like politics, work, and education, and contains data from 75 countries, covering over 80 percent of the world’s population. It reveals that about half of the world’s population men and women feel that men—not women–are better suited to fulfill certain job descriptions.

Contents

Human Development Perspectives

  • Tackling social norms — a game changer for gender inequalities
    • The situation of women: an inequality plateau?
    • Gender inequality and empowerment: catching up in the basics, widening gaps in enhanced capabilities
    • Are social norms and power imbalances shifting?
    • The gender social norms index — measuring beliefs, biases  and prejudices
    • Widespread biases and backlash
    • What causes change — and what determines its nature?
    • Restricted choices and power imbalances — a lifecycle perspective
    • Policies to tackle social norms — game changers
    • Notes
    • References
  • Statistical Tables
    • Gender Social Norms Index, last available period
    • Gender Social Norms Index, last available period by gender
    • Gender Social Norms Index, changes over time
    • Gender Social Norms Index, changes over time by gender
    • Gender Inequality Index
  • Boxes
    • Practical and strategic gender interests and needs
    • Overlapping intersecting identities
    • The gender social norms index in practice
    • Artificial intelligence and the risk of bias: making horizontal inequalities worse?
  • Figures
    • Progress towards gender equality is slowing
    • Gender inequality is correlated with a loss in human development due to inequality
    • Remarkable progress in basic capabilities, much less in enhanced capabilities
    • The greater the empowerment, the wider the gender gap
    • How social beliefs can obstruct gender and women’s empowerment
    • Only 14 percent of women and 10 percent of men worldwide have no gender social norms biases
    • Progress in the share of men with no gender social norms bias from 2005–2009 to 2010–2014 was largest in Chile, Australia, the United States and the Netherlands, while most countries showed a backlash in the share of women with no gender social norms bias
  • Tables
    • Gender Inequality Index: Regional dashboard
    • Definition of bias for the indicators of the multidimensional gender social norms index
    • Bias against gender equality is on the rise

 

This publication was originally published on the UNDP website.

 

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