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Global Gender Gap Report 2022

World Economic Forum


Global Asia Pacific Myanmar Vietnam The Philippines Indonesia


Workplace Gender Equality

Global Gender Gap Report 2022

Global Gender Gap Report 2022

Since 2006, the Global Gender Gap Report has been measuring gaps between men and women based on four key indicators: Economic Participation and Opportunity, Health and Survival, Educational Attainment and Political Empowerment. The 2022 edition covers 146 countries, including Comoros for the first time. However, Bahamas, Cuba, Croatia, Iraq, Mauritania, Papua New Guinea, Russian Federation, Syria, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela and Yemen are not covered.

The suggests that the global gender gap has been closed by 68.1% in 2022. At the current rate of progress, it will take 132 years to reach full parity. This data represents a slight four-year improvement compared to 2021’’s estimate of 136 years to parity. The report also finds that while no country has yet to achieve full gender parity, top 10 economies have closed at 80% of their gender gaps.

Key Findings

  • Overall gender parity score rose from 67.9% to 68.1% compared to the 2020 and 2021
  • Economic Participation and Opportunity subindex also increased from 58.7% to 60.3%, as did the Health and Survival subindex from 95.7% to 95.8%. The Educational Attainment subindex fell from 95.2% to 94.4% while Political Empowerment remained the same, at 22%.
  • North America is the most advanced region in terms of closing the gender gap. The population-weighted average score for the region is 76.9%, while Europe has the second-highest level of gender parity, currently standing at 76.6%.
  • Latin America and the Caribbean ranks third of all regions, after North America and Europe. The region has bridged 72.6% of its gender gap.
  • Sub-Saharan Africa has the sixth-highest regional score and has bridged 68.7% of its gender gap. It ranks ahead of Middle East and North Africa, and South Asia.
  • East Asia and the Pacific has closed 69% of its overall gender gap, marginally increasing the region’s performance from the 2021 edition.
  • Ten out of the 19 countries in East Asia and the Pacific improved their parity scores on Economic Participation and Opportunity, including Australia, China, Indonesia, and Malaysia.
  • In the regional rankings, The Philippines is the second most gender-equal country in East Asia and the Pacific, next to New Zealand.
  • In Central Asia, overall progress in closing the gender gap is unchanged from the last edition, at 69.1%.
  • Among the eight regions covered in the report, South Asia ranks the lowest, with only 62.4% based on no constant sample of the gender gap closed.


  • Preface
  • Key Findings
  • Chapter 1: Benchmarking gender gaps 2022
    • 1.1 Country coverage
    • 1.2 Global results
    • 1.3 Performance by subindex
    • 1.4 Progress over time
    • 1.5 Performance by region
    • 1.6 In-Focus country performances
  • Endnotes
  • Chapter 2: Gender gaps in the workforce: an emerging crisis
    • 2.1 Gender gaps in the labour-force recovery
    • 2.2 Gender gaps in care work
    • 2.3 Gender gaps in founding businesses
    • 2.4 Gender gaps in leadership, by industry
    • 2.5 Gender gaps in political representation
    • 2.6 Gender gaps in wealth accumulation
    • 2.7 Gender gaps in tertiary education, lifelong learning and skills prioritization
    • 2.8 Gender gaps in stress levels
    • 2.9 Gender gaps and income
  • Endnotes
  • References

The report was originally published on the World Economic Forum website.

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