Global Gender Gap Report 2020
Since 2006, the Global Gender Gap Report has been measuring gaps between men and women based on four key indicators: Economic Participation and Opportunity, Health and Survival, Educational Attainment and Political Empowerment. This year’s report covers 153 countries.
Gender parity is critical to building fair and inclusive economies. However, findings from the latest Global Gender Gap Report suggest that gender parity will not be attained for another 99.5 years, highlighting the growing need to take action. The drastic shift in country rankings, including those of ASEAN countries, is a sign that further measures are necessary to achieve gender equality.
- Globally, the average (population-weighted) distance completed to parity is at 68.6%, which is a further improvement since last edition.
- The largest gender disparity is—once again—the Political Empowerment gap. Despite being the most improved dimension this year (driving the overall positive performance) only 24.7% of the global Political Empowerment gap has been closed in 2020. The second-largest gap is on Economic Participation and Opportunity.
- Based on the Political Empowerment subindex, 108 countries of the 149 covered in both current and last year’s editions have improved their overall scores.
- The number of women in senior roles within the Economic Participation and Opportunity dimension has also increased. Globally, 36% of senior private sector’s managers and public sector’s officials are women (about 2% higher than the figure reported last year).
- Women’s participation in the labour market is stalling and financial disparities are slightly larger (on average), explaining the step back registered by the Economic Participation and Opportunity subindex this year. On average, only 55% of adult women are in the labour market, versus 78% of men.
- Educational Attainment gaps are relatively small on average but there are still countries where investment in women’s talent is insufficient. While in 35 countries gender parity in education has been achieved, a few developing countries have yet to close over 20% of the gaps.
- Only two ASEAN’s member states show improvement in the report—Singapore and Cambodia.
- Rankings of ASEAN countries for economic participation and opportunity have generally declined, except for Indonesia. Indonesia is one of the countries that improved in terms of economic participation and opportunity, from (68th from 96th), but dipped in rankings for political empowerment (82ndfrom 60th).
- The Philippines remains the most gender-equal country in South East Asia despite falling eight notches lower to the 16th Laos is a far second to the Philippines among ASEAN countries at 43rd, a significant drop from ranking 26thin 2018.
- Thailand slipped two notches to 75th, Brunei by five places to 95th, and Malaysia by three spots to 104th. Vietnam dropped 10 places at 87th while Myanmar fell to the 114th spot—26 places lower than its 2018 standing.
- Projecting current trends into the future, the overall global gender gap will close in 99.5 years, on average, across the 107 countries covered continuously since the first edition of the report. Lack of progress in closing the Economic Participation and Opportunity gap leads to an extension of the time it will be needed to close this gap. At the slow speed experienced over the period 2006–2020, it will take 257 years to close this gap.
- Key Findings
- PART 1 – MEASURING THE GLOBAL GENDER GAP
- Chapter 1 – The Global Gender Gap Index 2020
- Chapter 2 – The Future of Gender Parity
- Appendix A – Regional Classifications
- Appendix B – The Global Gender Gap Index: Methodology and Technical Notes
- PART 2 – COUNTRY PROFILES
- How to Read the Country Profiles
- Country Profiles
- Contributors and Acknowledgments
The report was originally published on the World Economic Forum website.