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The Global Gender Gap Report 2017

The Global Gender Gap Report 2017

The Global Gender Gap 2017 report from the World Economic Forum benchmarks 144 countries on their progress towards gender parity across four thematic dimensions—Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment— and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups.

The rankings are designed to create global awareness of the challenges posed by gender gaps and the opportunities created by reducing them. The methodology and quantitative analysis behind the rankings are intended to serve as a basis for designing effective measures for reducing gender gaps. The methodology of the Index has remained stable since its original conception in 2006, providing a basis for robust cross-country and time-series analysis.

Highlights

  • The report finds that, globally, gender parity is shifting into reverse this year for the first time since the World Economic Forum started measuring it. However there are also many countries that have made considerable progress, understanding that talent is a critical factor for growth. These countries are poised for further success.
  • With an average remaining gender gap of just under 32%, the East Asia and the Pacific region scores in the middle of the range of the Global Gender Gap Index. With New Zealand and the Philippines, the region is home to two of the overall Index’s top 10 performers, both having closed over 79% of their total gender gap—far ahead of the region’s next best-placed country—while the lower half of the region’s economies are yet to cross the 70% threshold.
  • The region is also home to three of the five most-improved countries over the past decade on the Health and Survival subindex. However, out of the 18 countries in the region only three—Mongolia, Cambodia and Japan—have fully closed that gap. In fact, with a regional average of just under 94%, East Asia and the Pacific is the lowest-ranked region globally on this subindex. Only two countries in the region have currently fully closed their Education Attainment gender gap, the Philippines being one of the two.
  • However, half of the countries in the region have closed the gender gap for professional and technical workers, indicating a relatively successful integration of tertiary educated, higher-skilled women into the labour force. Among the 18 countries covered by the Index in the region this year, nine countries have increased their overall score compared to last year, while seven have decreased their score. Two countries in the region joined the Index this year: Fiji and Myanmar.
  • The Philippines maintains its top 10 position, though slipping thee spots since last year. With 79% of its overall gender gap closed, it cedes its position as the highest performer in the East Asia and the Pacific region to New Zealand. A worsening performance on the wage equality for similar work indicator, dropping from 7th to 21st, partly accounts for this fall. The country also re-opens a Health and Survival gender gap for the first time since 2006, although the Educational Attainment gender gap remains fully closed.

Contents

  • Preface
  • Key Findings
  • 1 PART 1: MEASURING THE GLOBAL GENDER GAP
    • The Global Gender Gap Index 2017
      • Measuring the Global Gender Gap
      • Results and Analysis
      • Progress Over Time
      • Gender Gaps and Income
      • The Case for Gender Parity
      • Closing Occupational Gender Gaps
      • Conclusion
    • Appendices
      • Appendix A: Regional and Income Group Classifications, 2017
    • PART 2: COUNTRY PROFILES
      • User’s Guide: Exploring the Global Gender Gap Index Data
      • List of Countries
      • Country Profiles
    • Contributors
    • System Initiative Partners
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