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Examining the Women’s Low Labor Market Participation Rate in the Philippines: Is Housework the Missing Link?

Philippine Institute for Development Studies

2019

The Philippines

Report/Paper

Influencing Gender Norms Workplace Gender Equality

Gender equality Gender roles Labour force participation Women's economic empowerment

Examining the Women’s Low Labor Market Participation Rate in the Philippines: Is Housework the Missing Link?

Examining the Women’s Low Labor Market Participation Rate in the Philippines: Is Housework the Missing Link?

While the Philippines has achieved several milestones advancing gender equality in the country, there are some areas that can still benefit from further government interventions. One such area pertains to the moderate female participation in the labor market, which hardly improved in the last 26 years. The lackluster participation of women in the labor market presents a continuing concern, and this is amply reflected in Philippine Development Plans and laws designed to support working women. However, other important factors remain to be addressed.

The paper, Examining the Women’s Low Labor Market Participation Rate in the Philippines: Is Housework the Missing Link? looks into the role of women’s housework and discusses the role of housework on men’s market work. Doing so provides a holistic perspective and hence, a better narrative to ensure that both men and women equally benefit from development. Results indicate that housework affects both men and women’s participation in market work. However, the study finds a bigger increase in women’s market work participation when they do not engage in nonmarket work and a bigger decrease when their spouses do not share in the household production.

Contents

  • Introduction
  • Women in the Philippines: Some background on policies and history
  • Market and non-market work: Review of related literature
  • Empirical Strategy and data sources
  • Discussion of results
  • Summary and conclusions
  • References
  • Appendix

Source: Philippine Institute for Development Studies

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