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Ecosystem Landscaping to advance the Accountability to implement the Women’s Empowerment Principles in ASEAN

Value for Women International Labour Organization UN Women




Workplace Gender Equality

Women empowerment UN Women women’s empowerment WEPs women's empowerment principles UN WEPs

Ecosystem Landscaping to advance the Accountability to implement the Women’s Empowerment Principles in ASEAN

Ecosystem Landscaping to advance the Accountability to implement the Women’s Empowerment Principles in ASEAN

This report provides policymakers, companies, civil society, employer organisations and other stakeholders in the ASEAN region with comprehensive details on reporting and implementing the Women’s Empowerment Principles (WEPs)-related policies. It argues that although the WEPs are specifically tailored for the private sector, the public sector plays an important and complementary role in the WEPs implementation, specifically by providing incentives, regulation, and oversight. 

The public sector’s most essential contribution to the WEPs is its implementation of a transparent system of monitoring and gender data collection, where corporate reporting of gender equality measures is standardised, public, and consistent.

The report was developed by UN Women’s WeEmpowerAsia programme, in collaboration with International Labour Organization’s (ILO) Responsible Supply Chains in Asia programme and Value for Women.

Ecosystem Landscaping to advance the Accountability to implement the Women’s Empowerment Principles in ASEAN

PART I of this report (“Landscape of the Current Public Policies and Regulations and Actionable Roadmap linked to reporting on the WEPs thematic areas”) discusses the development of the WEPs Public Policy Roadmap and Scorecards in detail, highlighting good practice policy and reporting options available to each ASEAN member state.

PART II (“Landscape of the Private Sector and its Current Status of Gender Reporting”) begins by presenting an analysis of what ASEAN stock exchanges and security and exchange commissions are doing to promote gender equality in ASEAN.

PART III (“Recommendations for Governments, Regulators, Stock Exchanges, Security and Exchange Commissions, Companies, and Advocacy, Civil Society, Employers’ and Workers’ Organisations to Drive Action on the WEPs”), and to promote gender equality and establish more accountability and transparent reporting mechanisms on gender-equality and the WEPs in particular. This includes 8 Essential Gender Reporting Indicators for ASEAN policymakers to mandate.

Key Findings

The WEPs Public Policy Roadmap has brought a series of key findings to help guide ASEAN policymakers operationalise gender-inclusive practices that will ultimately contribute to human and economic development.

WEP 1: Establish high-level corporate leadership for gender equality

• All 10 ASEAN member states have ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), and four countries (Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand) have also ratified the Optional Protocol to CEDAW.

• 2 out of 5 key ILO gender equality conventions (C100 and C111) have been ratified by all ASEAN member states. Three countries (Indonesia, Cambodia and Philippines) have ratified all the core ILO fundamental conventions. • 5 countries in the region have laws, legal instruments, or national strategies on gender-responsive budgeting (GRB) initiatives.

WEP 2: Treat all women and men fairly at work – respect and support human rights and non-discrimination

• 3 out of 10 countries have legislation that mandates equal remuneration for work of equal value.

• While countries in the region have legislation on maternity and paternity leave, their legislation does not necessarily meet recommended international standards and most countries do not go beyond legislation to develop care programmes to support working parents.

WEP 3: Ensure the health, safety, and well-being of all women workers

• 7 out of 10 of ASEAN member states have specific legislation on sexual harassment in the workplace.

WEP 4: Promote education, training, and professional development for women

• 4 out of 10 countries reported having professional development programs targeted at women in leadership or in non-traditional vocations. Specifically, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand have government supported programmes to support the pipeline of women in STEM.

WEP 5: Implement enterprise development, supply chain and marketing practices that empower women

• No legislation to promote Gender-Responsive Procurement (GRP) was identified in ASEAN Member States.

WEP 6: Promote equality through community initiatives and advocacy

• There is an opportunity to develop public-private partnerships to promote gender equality in the private sector across ASEAN. ASEAN member states have multiple private sector initiatives that have been launched in the last three years to promote gender equality in the private sector. However, many of these initiatives are neither driven nor actively supported by the public sector or workers’ organisations.

WEP 7. Measure and publicly report on progress to achieve gender equality

• Malaysia, the Philippines, and Singapore have mandates or guidance regarding gender equality reporting for publicly listed companies.


This report was originally published on the UN Women website.

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