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CARE Rapid Gender Analysis for COVID-19 VIETNAM

CARE Vietnam




Gender equality Gender norms Gender roles Women's economic empowerment Influencing gender norms covid-19

CARE Rapid Gender Analysis for COVID-19 VIETNAM

CARE Rapid Gender Analysis for COVID-19 VIETNAM

CARE in Vietnam has undertaken a Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA) of the impacts of COVID-19. The study was designed to provide information about the different needs, capacities and coping strategies of women, men, boys and girls in the COVID-19 pandemic. It focuses on the six most relevant domains including gender roles and responsibilities; economic participation and earning; decision making and participation, access to resources and services; GBV prevention and response; and capacity and coping mechanisms.  The assessment was conducted from 15-30 April, 2020. It included both a secondary data review and primary data collection, through in-depth interviews (conducted remotely) with two of CARE Vietnam’s programming impact groups.

This document presents the analysis, findings, recommendations and conclusions from the RGA.


Key Recommendations

  • Ensure availability of sex and age disaggregated data, including on differing rates of infection, differential economic impacts, differential care burden, and incidence of domestic violence and sexual abuse.
  • Ensure targeting of humanitarian support based on clear and relevant vulnerability criteria.
  • Ensure COVID-19 public information campaigns are inclusive and accessible, and do not reinforce harmful gender stereotypes.
  • Explore new opportunities and creative ways to ensure crisis-affected communities remain at the centre of response activities. This is especially important in situations where social distancing measures make the existing approaches to participation, accountability, and communicating with affected communities unfeasible or ineffective.
  • Prioritise cash assistance over in-kind support for both rural and urban families, as long as it is safe and effective to do so.
  • Regularly update GBV response service mapping and referral pathways, to strengthen local survivor-centred referral systems and services.
  • Ensure livelihoods support for vulnerable households is a key focus of the emergency response to COVID-19. This could include introducing alternative income generation activities, and supporting and expanding VSLAs.
  • COVID-19 response programming should be designed, funded and implemented in ways that maximise flexibility, to allow programming to adapt quickly to new circumstances, (including new outbreaks and additional rounds of movement restrictions), and the changing needs and priorities of affected communities.



  • Executive Summary
    • Key findings
    • Key recommendations
  • Introduction
    • Background information: COVID-19 in Vietnam
    • The Rapid Gender Analysis objectives
  • Methodology
    • Vietnam’s Demographic profile
    • Sex and Age Disaggregated Data
  • Findings and analysis
    • Gender Roles and Responsibilities
    • Economic Participation and Earning
    • Decision making and Participation
    • Access to Resources, Services and Information
    • GBV Protection and Response
    • Capacity and Coping Mechanisms
  • Conclusions
  • Recommendations
  • Annexes
    • Annex 1: Vietnam’s Demographic Profile for International References
    • Annex 2: Vietnam’s Government control and prevention measures to COVID-19
    • Annex 3: Tools and Resources used
  • Endnotes


This document was originally published on the CARE Vietnam website.

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