The People Management Association of the Philippines (PMAP) and Investing in Women collaborated on a research on the implications of family-responsive workplace policies on employee productivity in the Philippines in terms of retention, advancement and performance.
Published by: International Labour Organization, 2019
The business case for change
Globally, since 1991, the share of women’s participation in the labour force has grown, albeit with differences from region to region and within regions. In Asia and the Pacific, however, there have been declines.
This research finds that the share of women in managerial positions across the globe is growing considerably. From 2002, a steady upward trend of women filling the ranks at greater speed than men is seen, particularly in Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Europe and Central Asia. These gains have yet to lead to a major shift in the gender composition of senior leadership and decision-making positions within companies.
The finding in this report that is of paramount importance is that gender diversity is a smart business strategy: the lack of gender diversity may act as a barrier to enhanced business performance. Most companies of all sizes around the world report that gender diversity helps improve business outcomes. The business benefits of gender balance accrue when a gender-inclusive culture begins to flourish. The benefits can be dramatic when there is gender balance on the board of directors. When enterprises have gender-balanced boards, the positive effects on enhanced business outcomes are the largest.
- Scope of enterprise survey on women in business and management
- The business and economic case for a gender-diverse workforce
- The effect of female employment on GDP
- Gender diversity initiatives enhance business outcomes
- Gender diversity’s link to enterprise profits
- Attracting and retaining skills
- Female talent pool still widening
- Gender diversity in business and management
- Women in management
- Women as business owners
- Chief executive level
- Talent pipeline leaking
- “Glass walls” hindering the pathway to the top
- Fixing the leaky pipeline
- Gender diversity in the boardroom and corporate governance
- Women on boards
- Women as board chairpersons
- Gender diversity on boards and its wider impact
- “Glass walls” on company boards
- Initiatives to advance gender diversity on boards
- Transforming the wider business environment
- Shaping a gender-inclusive organizational culture
- Reducing the pay gap
- Implementing effective enterprise policies and measures
- Way forward
Board Gender Diversity in ASEAN
The Board Gender Diversity in ASEAN study advances the case that having women in business leadership positions is good for company performance,.
Eliminating Discriminatory Workplace Practices
Discrimination against women in the workplace is a persistent structural and social issue that can start as early as the hiring process.
Counting Women’s Work in the Philippines
The value of women’s unpaid work in the Philippines is worth trillions of pesos, according to a senior research fellow of the country’s premier think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS).
Women in the Philippine C-Suite
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East Asia Forum Quarterly Vol.11 No.1: Investing in Women
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Moving toward gender balance in private equity and venture capital
This report explores the link between financial returns and gender diversity; the lack of women in the industry; and steps needed to achieve gender balance.
Catalytic Capital for Women’s Economic Empowerment: Report of the External Review of Component 2 of the Investing in Women Initiative
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Investing in Women Phase 2 Investment Design Document Update
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Work for a Brighter Future Report 2018 – ILO
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The Global Gender Gap Index Report 2018
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Gender Lens Investing Tool: Designing an Action Plan
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Five years of Workplace Gender Equality Agency data
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Game changers: Women and the Future of Work in Asia and the Pacific
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The Landscape for Impact Investing in Southeast Asia
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Care work and care jobs for the future of decent work
This report takes a comprehensive look at unpaid and paid care work and its relationship with the changing world of work. A key focus is the persistent gender inequalities in households and the labour market, which are inextricably linked with care work.
Care work and care jobs for the future of decent work: Key findings in Asia and the Pacific
This report takes a comprehensive look at unpaid and paid care work in Asia and the Pacific and its relationship with the changing world of work. A key focus is the persistent gender inequalities in households and the labour market, which are inextricably linked with care work.
The power of parity: Advancing women’s equality in Asia Pacific
This report from the McKinsey Global Institute explores the challenge of gender inequality in Asia Pacific and considers what it will take to deliver gender parity in the region.
Gender Gap in Earnings in Vietnam: Why Do Vietnamese Women Work in Lower Paid Occupations?
This report analyses the gender earnings gap in Vietnam and explores why women choose to work in lower paid occupations.
How the gender pay gap varies across south-east Asia
This report provides an overview of the gender pay gap in Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand, drawing on a number of recent studies.
Still looking for room at the top: Ten years of research on women in the workplace
The article provides an overview of McKinsey’s research in the last 10 years on women in the workplace. It presents a strong business case for gender equality while also presenting the many barriers that have been preventing progress.
Entrepreneurship Development Interventions for Women Entrepreneurs
This report presents key findings of interventions promoting small and medium enterprises as a means to create more and better jobs.
APEC Gender Inclusion Guidelines
This report offers guidance on how to integrate gender-responsive approaches into APEC Fora, Strategic and Work Plans, Annual Reports and Projects. It complements the principles outlined in the 1999 Framework for the Integration of Women in APEC.
APEC Economic Policy Report on Structural Reform and Human Capital Development
This report discusses some of the issues and policies relating to skills development and labour markets in the APEC region. It analyses how economic changes can contribute to structural unemployment, and what can be done to mitigate the impacts of these changes.
Filipino women in leadership: Government and industry
This report presents current statistics on representation of women in key leadership positions in the Philippine government and industry. It reveals a dearth of female representation and discusses recommendations to address this.
The Global Gender Gap Report 2017
The report benchmarks 144 countries on their progress towards gender parity and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups.
Women-owned enterprises in Vietnam: Perceptions and potential
This report exposes misconceptions facing women entrepreneurs in Vietnam and elucidates the opportunities for banks and related service providers to meet their needs.
Strengthening Women’s Entrepreneurship in ASEAN
This report analyses the policy landscape, identifies gaps, and proposes recommendations to advance the role of women in the labour market, as entrepreneurs and business owners, presenting best practice examples from both the ASEAN region and the OECD.
Moving Toward Gender Diversity in Southeast Asia
This report analyses interviews with executives from over 25 prominent companies in Southeast Asia to understand their perspectives on diversity, the obstacles they have faced, and the effectiveness of activities they have launched to increase gender diversity across their organisations.
World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends for women 2017
This report examines the global and regional labour market trends and gaps, including in labour force participation rates, unemployment rates, employment status as well as sectoral and occupational segregation.
International standards on women and work in the Philippines
This report provides an overview of the international standards on women and work, and explores to what extent they have been implemented in the Philippines.
Female Entrepreneurship in Asia: The Case of Japan, South Korea, Malaysia and Vietnam
This report concentrates on the significance given to female entrepreneurship in Japan, South Korea, Malaysia and Vietnam, and on the policies pursued to promote it.
Feminism And Gender Equality Around The World
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Women in Business: new perspectives on risk and reward
This report surveys the role of women in business and considers the issue of risk and reward. The report explores the different ways in which men and women see risk and opportunity, and how they act differently as a result.
Towards a better future for women and work: Voices of women and men
This report provides a first-ever account of global attitudes and perceptions of women and men regarding women and work, based on the 2016 Gallup World Poll.
Work and Economic Participation in the Philippines
This factsheet from the Philippine Statistics Authority focuses on the latest statistical updates on women and men in the country. The 2017 edition contains 84 indicators covering 14 socio-economic sectors and gender concerns.
Globalization and Social Change: Gender-Specific Effects of Trade Liberalization in Indonesia
This report looks into the gender-specific effects of trade liberalisation on work participation and hours of work, as well as primary participation in domestic duties in Indonesia.
Towards Gender Equality in Vietnam: Making Inclusive Growth Work for Women
This report examines Vietnam’s economy through a gender lens, analysing the distribution of productive resources across different groups of women and men; gender segmentation in the labour market; and female workers’ working conditions and pay.
Women and Men in the Philippines
This report is the fourth in a series of statistical handbooks and presents the available and relevant gender statistics in the Philippines from 2000 to 2015.
Closing the gender pay gap: A review of the issues, policy mechanisms and international evidence
This report reviews the key issues, policy mechanisms and international evidence with respect to closing the gender pay gap. The core focus is on wage setting institutions and their impact on inclusive and gender equitable labour markets.
The CS Gender 3000: The Reward for Change
This report explores the link that exists between diversity and improved business performance, and the measures the progress made on structural changes and development of women talent.
Gender Diversity in Boards and Performance of Philippine Publicly Traded Firms: Do Women Matter?
This article examines this board-level gender diversity issue for the case of the firms traded in the Philippine Stock Exchange during the period 2003 to 2014.
Getting to Equal: How Digital is Helping Close the Gender Gap at Work
This report examines the extent to which men and women have adopted and embraced digital technologies, and the influence that has had on their education, employment and advancement.
Social Determinants of Gender Inequality in Vietnam
This report addresses the question of why progresses has been so slow on gender equality in Vietnam, exploring the challenges and barriers that hinder the efforts in bridging the gap between genders.
Women at Work Trends 2016
This report provides the latest data on women’s position in labour markets, examines the factors behind these trends and explores the policy drivers for transformative change.
Women in business and management: Gaining momentum in Asia and the Pacific
This report brings together the most recent statistics, trends and information on the situation of women in business and management in order to provide insight into practicalities, realities and understandings of companies in the Asia-Pacific region.
Women in the Workforce: An Unmet Potential in Asia and the Pacific
This report looks into the complex and varied causes behind the gap in economic empowerment between males and females across Asia and the Pacific, then analyses the available evidence for its implications to economic growth.
Gender Equality in Recruitment and Promotion Practices in Vietnam
This report aims to provide a reliable estimate of the economic costs of domestic violence in Vietnam, including potential opportunity and productivity loss to the national economy.
The motherhood pay gap: A review of the issues, theory and international evidence
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Women in Business and Management: Gaining momentum
This report brings together available data and statistics to provide a comprehensive, up-to-date and global picture of women in the business world and in management positions.
Diversity Matters – 2014 McKinsey & Company Report
This report looks into the relationship between the level of and company financial performance based on financial data and leadership demographics from hundreds of organisations and thousands of executives in the United Kingdom, Canada, Latin America, and the United States.
Maternity Protection in SMEs: An international review
This review provides a detailed analysis of the key international literature on the outcomes of maternity protection in small and medium-sized enterprises, and addresses how maternity protection in SMEs can generate positive outcomes for enterprises as well as broader society.
New Evidence on the Gender Wage Gap in Indonesia
This report explores how Indonesia’s economic growth and rapid urbanisation in recent years is contributing to the gender income gap. The study examines how monthly wages are distributed between male and female workers and tests whether a wage gap exists between them.
Gender Equality in the Labor Market in the Philippines
This report documents the nature and extent of gender inequalities in the Filipino labour market. The report also shares promising initiatives that have been developed to counter gender discrimination and promote equality for working men and women.
Gender-related Obstacles to Vietnamese Women Entrepreneurs
This report analyses the traditional, regulatory, and internal gender-based obstacles that influence Vietnamese women entrepreneurs in starting and running their businesses and provides policy implications for promoting women’s entrepreneurship and gender equality in Vietnam.
Women’s Entrepreneurship Development in Vietnam
This report provides a detailed analysis of the roles, constraints, obstacles, opportunities and development of women entrepreneurs in Vietnam.
How gendered is recruitment? The case of Indonesia and the Philippines
This report discusses the connection between cultural expectations around gender roles and the degree of gender diversity in the workplace in Indonesia and the Philippines.
Investing in Women: Early stage Investment models
This is the 2nd edition in a series of reports exploring the difficulties around raising capital for women’s small to medium enterprises, and the role that impact investing can play in achieving women’s economic empowerment.
Labour rights for women in the Philippines, Indonesia, Myanmar and Vietnam: Protection, Equality, Disruption
This report considers the relationship between labour legislation and women’s economic empowerment, and examines that current status of labour laws across the Philippines, Indonesia, Myanmar and Vietnam.
Tailoring Finance for Women’s SMEs
The 1st in a series, this publication focuses on Ernst and Young’s (EY)’s commentary on topics such as tailoring finance for women led or owned SMEs (women’s SMEs) and differences in investment models; and consideration as to which model maybe preferable for women’s SMEs.
Is Gender Diversity Profitable? Evidence from a Global Survey
This report examines the impact of gender diversity on corporate performance. It uses a global dataset of firms to analyse this correlation.
Women’s Economic Empowerment Framework
This report provides a framework for monitoring Investing in Women’s contribution to the goal of accelerating women’s economic empowerment in Southeast Asia and contributing to inclusive economic growth.
Myanmar Country Context Paper
This country context paper provides an overview of women’s contribution to Myanmar’s economy as farmers, entrepreneurs and wage workers, and identifies key barriers to women’s economic empowerment in Myanmar.
Vietnam Country Context Paper
This country context paper provides an overview of women’s contribution to the Vietnamese economy as farmers, entrepreneurs and wage workers, and identifies key barriers to women’s economic empowerment Vietnam.
Indonesia Country Context Paper
This country context paper provides an overview of Indonesian women’s participation in the labour market and as entrepreneurs, and identifies key barriers to women’s economic empowerment in Indonesia.
Exploring cross-industry connectedness in corporate governance networks in Vietnam
This report explores the degree to which individual directors are sitting on multiple corporate boards in Vietnam, and the impact this has on the gender diversity of the country’s business sector.
Aid flows and women and work in South East Asia
This report analyses aid flows to Southeast Asia, and the degree to which overseas development funding is spent on projects promoting women’s economic empowerment.
Women’s rights as workers under CEDAW in Vietnam
This report analyses Vietnam’s adoption of the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women in relation to women’s rights as workers.
Women’s rights as workers under CEDAW in the Philippines
This report analyses the Philippines’ adoption of the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women in relation to women’s rights as workers.
Women and Entrepreneurship in Vietnam
This report examines the state of small to medium enterprises in Vietnam, and the contribution that women-owned businesses make to the Vietnamese economy.
Women and Entrepreneurship in Indonesia
This report examines the state of small to medium enterprises in Indonesia, and the contribution that women-owned businesses make to the Indonesian economy.
Women’s rights as workers under CEDAW in Myanmar
This report analyses Myanmar’s adoption of the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women in relation to women’s rights as workers.
Women’s rights as workers under CEDAW in Indonesia
This report analyses Indonesia’s adoption of the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women in relation to women’s rights as workers.
Stories of women-owned enterprises: Tòhe (Vietnam)
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International standards on women and work in Vietnam
This report provides an overview of the international standards on women and work, and explores to what extent they have been implemented in Vietnam.
Exploring cross-industry connectedness in corporate governance networks in the Philippines
This report explores the degree to which individual directors are sitting on multiple corporate boards in the Philippines, and the impact this has on the gender diversity of the country’s business sector.
Exploring cross-industry connectedness in corporate governance networks in Indonesia
This report explores the degree to which individual directors are sitting on multiple corporate boards in Indonesia, and the impact this has on the gender diversity of the country’s business sector.
International standards on women and work in Myanmar
This report provides an overview of the international standards on women and work, and explores to what extent they have been implemented in Myanmar.
International standards on women and work in the Philippines
This report provides an overview of the international standards on women and work, and explores to what extent they have been implemented in the Philippines.
International standards on women and work in Indonesia
This report provides an overview of the international standards on women and work, and explores to what extent they have been implemented in Indonesia.
Philippine Business coalition analysis
This report provides an overview of the Philippine Business Coalition for Women’s Empowerment, and explores its key characteristics, challenges and opportunities.
Gender diversity in corporate governance
This report highlights key research findings on gender diversity in corporate governance, and explores opportunities to improve women’s participation on boards.
Gender equality and empowerment – key concepts
This report explores key concepts around gender equality and empowerment, emphasising the dual importance of gender equality policies and an enabling institutional environment.
Indonesia Business coalition analysis
This report provides an overview of the Indonesia Business Coalition for Women’s Empowerment, and explores its key characteristics, challenges and opportunities.
Gender participation and influence in corporate governance networks in Vietnam
This report provides an overview of corporate governance principles and structures, and explores how corporate governance connectedness in Vietnam can influence women’s economic empowerment.
Gender participation and influence in corporate governance networks in the Philippines
This report provides an overview of corporate governance principles and structures, and explores how corporate governance connectedness in the Philippines can influence women’s economic empowerment.
Gender participation and influence in corporate governance networks in Indonesia
This report provides an overview of corporate governance principles and structures, and explores how corporate governance connectedness in Indonesia can influence women’s economic empowerment.