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APEC Gender Inclusion Guidelines

APEC Gender Inclusion Guidelines

The APEC Gender Inclusion Guidelines from the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation offers guidance on how to integrate gender-responsive approaches into Fora, Strategic and Work Plans, Annual Reports and Projects. It complements the principles outlined in the 1999 Framework for the Integration of Women in APEC.

APEC Economic Leaders continue to underscore the importance of inclusive growth to address disparities in income, skills, jobs and opportunities. Inclusive growth emphasises the creation of, and equal access to opportunities for all anchored in a strategy of sustainable development that enables all parts of society to participate in, contribute to and share the benefits of regional growth. Gender equality is central to inclusive economic growth.

Across the 21 APEC economies, approximately 600 million women are in the labour force, with over 60 per cent of women engaged in the formal sector. The economic inclusion of women has a potentially significant multiplier effect for the APEC region. More effective use of this under-utilised resource can offer APEC economies unrealised economic and social benefits.

The Gender Inclusion Guidelines are intended as a useful resource for APEC Fora, Committees and Overseers of APEC Projects to assist them to take action on the gender inclusion commitment of Economic Leaders and Ministers and strengthen the integration of gender into work across APEC’s broad agenda. It does not introduce any new mandatory requirements on APEC members and aims to reinforce existing accountability mechanisms.

Highlights

The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is committed to promoting women’s economic empowerment through five pillars:

  • access to capital and assets;
    1. Including through such sources as land and personal property, participation in the workforce, and financial services.
    2. Examples of barriers include: regulatory laws and discriminatory practices; a lack of information and knowledge about lending requirements; a lack of financial literacy and financial knowledge; lack of access to financial services; and lack of access to technology.
  • access to markets;
    1. Including through such sources as land and personal property, participation in the workforce, and financial services.
    2. Examples of barriers include: regulatory laws and discriminatory practices; a lack of information and knowledge about lending requirements; a lack of financial literacy and financial knowledge; lack of access to financial services; and lack of access to technology.
  • skills, capacity building, and health;
    1. So women are physically capable of a range of economic pursuits and are prepared both educationally and technically for success in the workforce, in business and in entrepreneurship.
    2. Examples of barriers include: knowledge of processes and procedures; social and cultural norms; limited access to technology; discrimination, lack of safety, or gender-based violence; poor labour conditions; time constraints; and biases.
  • leadership, voice, and agency;
    1. Through which women are valued as contributors, professionals, and leaders in the private, not-for-profit, and public sectors.
    2. Examples of barriers include: organisational obstacles, including a lack of role models and exclusion from informal networks; work-life balance challenges, including travel requirements, lack of child and elderly care, and long work schedules; institutional, social and cultural norms that evaluate women differently from men for positions; and lack of positive reinforcement, peer and senior-level support.
  • innovation and technology.

APEC leaders tasked the Policy Partnership on Women and the Economy with leading the efforts to work with other APEC entities to provide these effective policy recommendations on women and the economy.

Contents

  • Introduction
  • Purpose
  • Scope
  • GIG Guiding Principles
  • Gender Markers
    • Gender Markers for Fora Strategic Plans, Work Plans, Annual Reports
    • Gender Markers for Projects
    • Self-Assessment
  • GIG Application
  • GIG Implementation
    • Gender Analysis
    • Sex-Disaggregated Data Collection, Monitoring and Evaluation
    • Accountability
  • Good Practices in Gender Inclusion
  • The APEC Women and the Economy Dashboard
  • Annex One: Key Terminology
  • Annex Two: Guidebook on APEC Projects
  • Annex Three: Further Guidance for APEC Projects
  • Annex Four: Good Practices in Gender Inclusion
    • Good practices in APEC Fora
    • Good Practices in APEC Projects
  • Annex Five: APEC Documentation
  • Annex Six: Acronyms
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